被刑拘中國勞工領袖系列(一)Arrested NGO leader:何曉波 He Xiaobo

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《被刑拘中國勞工領袖系列(一):何曉波》
編者按:廣東省勞工NGO的打壓事件繼續蔓延,至今已有超過25位勞工NGO的領袖和工作人員被傳召問話。其中三位並已經被刑事拘留,他們分別是:何曉波,曾飛洋和朱小梅。他/她是怎樣走入勞工運動的?又怎樣走到今天?維權路上,他們的付出和堅持,令人心酸落淚。 紅氣球編輯整理了相關資料。
資料整理: 紅氣球編輯

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何曉波,佛山市南飛雁社會工作服務中心的負責人。他在2006年的時候,在廣東省佛山市打工的時候遭到工傷,因而失去了左手的三根手指,在工傷維權的過程中,他逐漸萌發了創建一個關注勞工權益的NGO機構的想法。從此以後曉波便與NGO這個行業結下了不解之緣。
南飛雁是佛山第一家為工人提供服務的公益組織,於2007年開始運作,2012年在民政局正式登記註冊,迄今探訪、接待及接受其法律知識培訓的工傷者人數超3萬人,累計幫助近1萬名工傷者獲得法律賠償。何曉波本人曾獲得南海區頒發的「丹桂勳章」、「十佳社工」,南飛雁也獲得過佛山市公益慈善之「星紅玫瑰獎」
等榮譽。
2015年五一勞動節期間,南飛雁擬與東莞燭光公益及《南方都市報》的「感光度」欄目聯合舉辦工傷者攝影展,結果在開展之前就被叫停。及後,南飛雁在佛山市民政局的機構年審中被評為「基本合格」,如果機構連續兩年年審都被評「基本合格」,機構將被“依法”撤銷。
8月,南飛雁位於順德和祖廟的兩個辦公室被關閉,與政府合作的購買服務專案終止,帳目也被重新審計。當時何曉波接受訪問時說過:「這個社會的改變的確緩慢得使人感到無力,但我們不能只是批評、只是抱怨、甚至逃離,我們必須踏實的做些什麼,即使不能改變整個社會,至少也要改變我們自己。」
「這張照片,可能大家覺得不是很帥,但是我覺得非常帥,因為這個是我們跟南方都市報首席攝影師合作,即將推出的工傷者畫冊其中的一張,這是我的故事,還有很多像我一樣工傷者的故事。我們期望用這種美的視覺效果,讓社會大眾能夠瞭解工傷預防的重要性。」

 

Red Balloon Editor: The suppression against Guangdong Labour NGO hit hard. Until now 25 Labour NGO leaders and workers were interrogated. Three of them were criminally detained. They were He Xiaobo, Zhang Feiyang and Zhu Xiaomei. How did they engage labour movement? And achieved what they did today? In the road to Weiquan (rights defending), their devotion and persistence were both amazing and heartbreaking

《He Xiaobo–Nanfeiyan Social Service Centre》

Everything started in 2006, when He Xiaobo, the person-in-charge of the Foshan-based Nanfeiyan Social Service Centre, lost 3 fingers on his left hand in a work injury. In the course of fighting for his legal rights, the thought of establishing a NGO concerning labour rights emerged, which entails his bonding with the development of labour NGOs in China later on.

Nanfeiyan is the first civil organisation to provide services for workers in Foshan. Its operation began in 2007, and was formally registered at the municipal-level Bureau of Civil Affairs in 2012. Over the years, more than 30,000 workers injured at work have been approached and trained in labour-related laws and regulations. Almost 10,000 occupationally-injured workers claimed for their legally-abided compensation successfully. Both Nanfeiyan and He Xiaobo himself have been awarded and honoured by local governments for their charitable services.

On the Labour Day on 1st May 2015, Nanfeiyan was supposed to launch a photo exhibition for occupationally-injured workers, which was co-curated with Dongguan Candlelight Public Interest Centre and the Southern Metropolis Daily, but the exhibition was suspended right before the inauguration. Shortly afterwards, Nanfeiyan received a “bare pass” in the annual audit of the municipal Bureau of Civil Affairs. It would face the risk of being “lawfully” closed down if receiving a “bare pass” for 2 consecutive years.

In August 2015, two offices of Nanfeiyan in Shunde and Zumiao, Foshan were forcefully shut down. Ongoing projects outsourced by the government were terminated, and the organisational account was reaudited. As mentioned by Xiaobo in an interview, “the slow progress of social change is frustrating, but we can’t simply criticise, whine or even escape. We should do something substantial to change ourselves at least, if not the society as a whole.”

“Maybe you don’t really find this photo of me particularly good, but I am very satisfied with it, since it is taken by the chief photographer of the Southern Metropolis Daily, and will be published in our upcoming photo collection of occupationally-injured workers. This is my story, so is the story of many other workers. Assisted by visual effects, we hope to raise public awareness in the prevention of work injuries.”