被刑拘中国劳工领袖系列(一)Arrested NGO leader:何晓波 He Xiaobo

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《被刑拘中国劳工领袖系列(一):何晓波》
编者按:广东省劳工NGO的打压事件继续蔓延,至今已有超过25位劳工NGO的领袖和工作人员被传召问话。其中三位并已经被刑事拘留,他们分别是:何晓波,曾飞洋和朱小梅。他/她是怎样走入劳工运动的?又怎样走到今天?维权路上,他们的付出和坚持,令人心酸落泪。 红气球编辑整理了相关资料。
资料整理: 红气球编辑

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何晓波,佛山市南飞雁社会工作服务中心的负责人。他在2006年的时候,在广东省佛山市打工的时候遭到工伤,因而失去了左手的三根手指,在工伤维权的过程中,他逐渐萌发了创建一个关注劳工权益的NGO机构的想法。从此以后晓波便与NGO这个行业结下了不解之缘。
南飞雁是佛山第一家为工人提供服务的公益组织,于2007年开始运作,2012年在民政局正式登记注册,迄今探访、接待及接受其法律知识培训的工伤者人数超3万人,累计帮助近1万名工伤者获得法律赔偿。何晓波本人曾获得南海区颁发的「丹桂勋章」、「十佳社工」,南飞雁也获得过佛山市公益慈善之「星红玫瑰奖」
等荣誉。
2015年五一劳动节期间,南飞雁拟与东莞烛光公益及《南方都市报》的「感光度」栏目联合举办工伤者摄影展,结果在开展之前就被叫停。及后,南飞雁在佛山市民政局的机构年审中被评为「基本合格」,如果机构连续两年年审都被评「基本合格」,机构将被“依法”撤销。
8月,南飞雁位于顺德和祖庙的两个办公室被关闭,与政府合作的购买服务专案终止,帐目也被重新审计。当时何晓波接受访问时说过:「这个社会的改变的确缓慢得使人感到无力,但我们不能只是批评、只是抱怨、甚至逃离,我们必须踏实的做些什么,即使不能改变整个社会,至少也要改变我们自己。」
「这张照片,可能大家觉得不是很帅,但是我觉得非常帅,因为这个是我们跟南方都市报首席摄影师合作,即将推出的工伤者画册其中的一张,这是我的故事,还有很多像我一样工伤者的故事。我们期望用这种美的视觉效果,让社会大众能够了解工伤预防的重要性。」

 

Red Balloon Editor: The suppression against Guangdong Labour NGO hit hard. Until now 25 Labour NGO leaders and workers were interrogated. Three of them were criminally detained. They were He Xiaobo, Zhang Feiyang and Zhu Xiaomei. How did they engage labour movement? And achieved what they did today? In the road to Weiquan (rights defending), their devotion and persistence were both amazing and heartbreaking

《He Xiaobo–Nanfeiyan Social Service Centre》

Everything started in 2006, when He Xiaobo, the person-in-charge of the Foshan-based Nanfeiyan Social Service Centre, lost 3 fingers on his left hand in a work injury. In the course of fighting for his legal rights, the thought of establishing a NGO concerning labour rights emerged, which entails his bonding with the development of labour NGOs in China later on.

Nanfeiyan is the first civil organisation to provide services for workers in Foshan. Its operation began in 2007, and was formally registered at the municipal-level Bureau of Civil Affairs in 2012. Over the years, more than 30,000 workers injured at work have been approached and trained in labour-related laws and regulations. Almost 10,000 occupationally-injured workers claimed for their legally-abided compensation successfully. Both Nanfeiyan and He Xiaobo himself have been awarded and honoured by local governments for their charitable services.

On the Labour Day on 1st May 2015, Nanfeiyan was supposed to launch a photo exhibition for occupationally-injured workers, which was co-curated with Dongguan Candlelight Public Interest Centre and the Southern Metropolis Daily, but the exhibition was suspended right before the inauguration. Shortly afterwards, Nanfeiyan received a “bare pass” in the annual audit of the municipal Bureau of Civil Affairs. It would face the risk of being “lawfully” closed down if receiving a “bare pass” for 2 consecutive years.

In August 2015, two offices of Nanfeiyan in Shunde and Zumiao, Foshan were forcefully shut down. Ongoing projects outsourced by the government were terminated, and the organisational account was reaudited. As mentioned by Xiaobo in an interview, “the slow progress of social change is frustrating, but we can’t simply criticise, whine or even escape. We should do something substantial to change ourselves at least, if not the society as a whole.”

“Maybe you don’t really find this photo of me particularly good, but I am very satisfied with it, since it is taken by the chief photographer of the Southern Metropolis Daily, and will be published in our upcoming photo collection of occupationally-injured workers. This is my story, so is the story of many other workers. Assisted by visual effects, we hope to raise public awareness in the prevention of work injuries.”