【Pearl River Delta】Analysis on the labour collective actions in the 2nd quarter, 2015

【Pearl River Delta】

Analysis on the labour collective actions in the 2nd quarter, 2015

24 July 2015 – Intern at Little Hammer


According to the last review on the labour collective actions in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), there were at least 17 incidents which are recorded on the Internet. That involves 17 enterprises, and at least 6950 people were involved. Because the data came from the Internet, there might be slight error. As for the causes of the incident, we analyze based on the demands of the workers. We hardly know about the results of most of these incidents. Due to the limited sampling size, we would be grateful if readers can provide us with more information.




# Date Company Venue Size Actions taken Causes Police   actions Result
1 28Mar Hisense Kelon Foshan 400 Strike, complaint Relocation without compensation

No housing pension

Standby Failed
2 1Apr New Spring Offsets Printing (SZ) Ltd Shenzhen 200 Strike, Protest Relocation without compensation Suppress N/A
3 28Apr New An Lun Lamp Shenzhen 100 Strike, complaint No social security Suppress N/A
4 20Apr Guangzhou Panyu Lide Shoe Co Guangzhou 2700 Strike, collective bargaining Non compliance with bargain, without fee to seniority Standby Success
5 21Apr SZ Eng Electronics Co Ltd Shenzhen 100 Strike Change in ownership, without compensation N/A N/A
6 29Apr Dongguan Hou Hong Garment Co. Ltd Dongguan 1000 March Closure without compensation Standby N/A
7 29Apr Shenzhen Dongzhi Technology Shenzhen 400 Strike Wage arrears Standby N/A
8 7May Guangzhou Bilture Furniture Guangzhou 200 March Bankruptcy, no social security Suppress N/A
9 9May Xin Chuang Silicone Rubber Products Co Dongguan 400 March Closure without compensation Suppress N/A
10 13May Song hui Shiye Shenzhen 300   Closure without compensation Suppress N/A
11 15May Huagao Clothing Factory Dongguan 200 Strike, occupy Wage arrears, cancellation of registration without public notice Suppress N/A
12 27May Guang Xin Footwear Company Shanwei N/A Strike, march Wage arrears Standby N/A
13 1Jun Tianbaoge Restaurant Guangzhou 50 Complaint, collective bargaining Change in ownership without pay, no social security N/A N/A
14 3Jun Leader Sporting Co Ltd Shenzhen 500 Assembly, march Wage arrears, no compensation Suppress N/A
15 8Jun Shenzhen Artigas Clothing & Leather Shenzhen 100 Strike, petition, sit-in No social security Suppress N/A
16 10Jun Dongguan Zhenghao Electronics Co Ltd Dongguan 300 March, petition, negotiation Closure without compensation Suppress Partially
17 26Jun Huangjia Gongguan Hotel Huizhou N/A Petition Wage arrears Suppress N/A





  1. Geographical Distribution


From the above diagram, we can observe that there were the largest number of incidents in Shenzhen (7 times), followed by Dongguan (4 times, 23.53%) and Guangzhou (3 times, 17.65%). The duration of these incidents transcends through April, May and June.


Among the 7 incidents in Shenzhen, there were 2 incidents involving the relocation or change of ownership of factories, 2 incidents relating to arrears of salary and 2 incidents on unpaid social insurance. There was also 1 incident of closure of factories and wage arrears. Those actions in Guangzhou and Dongguan were also mostly related to closure of factories and wage arrears.


  1. Distribution in causes


Amongst the causes, there were 6 incidents on wage arrears upon relocation, change in ownerships and bankruptcy of the factory company, which is about 29.41%. 11 incidents of them were on wage arrears which takes up 64.7%. 3 of them were factories escaping compensations upon relocation and sale; and 2 were refusing paying workers’ social insurance. There was also 1 incident labelled as “other causes”.


From these, we can know that many of the incidents are rooted in wage arrears and many also involve relocation, change of ownership and closure of these factories. This is directly relational to the slowing down of the PRD economic growth and the trend of restructuring of industries.


  1. The interference of the police


In the process of 17 collective actions, there were 10 incidents in which the police have physically abused and arrested workers. That takes up 58.82% of the incidents. 5 cases (29.41%) are those with the police stand-by and there were no confrontations. There were 2 incidents that we do not know the situations. From these, we can see there have been strong tensions and serious confrontations; and the government officials and the employed have rarely resorted to more reasonable terms.


  1. The success rates of the events


From what we know, there is only 1 incident that achieved its purpose, and another one partly achieved. As for other cases, we do not have information. But from a wider perspective, it is typical that the workers’ demands are not accepted and not handled fairly by the employers and government officials. This is also why for some incidents, the protest would easily die down after a few months of actions. The Tianbaoge incident may be one of those.


  1. Comparison between the first and second quarter



  • From the geographical location, the incidents have concentrated onto Dongguan, Shenzhen; more collective actions took place in Guangzhou, with a percentage increased from 8.71% to 17.65%. Shenzhen has become the most serious area, from 21.74% increases to 41.18%.
  • The causes of these actions have focused on relocation, closure of factories and compensation issues. More workers are confronted by the fact that employers are running away. The problem of not contributing to social insurance remains serious, and this has triggered off quite some collective actions. Among all other causes, the wage arrears is the most serious issue in labour actions, rising from 26% to 64.7%.
  • Observing from the police’s interference, workers only face worsening suppression than before. In particular, the police have explicitly intervened 88% of the incidents, a lot more than 61% last quarter. Assaults and arrests have also occurred at 59% of the incidents, more than 48% last quarter. This reflects the attitude of the employers and the officials.
  • The effectiveness of the actions is less appealing than the first term comparatively. From what we know, the demands of the workers are only satisfied in 12% of the incidents, which is much less than 30.5% scored in the first term.