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外來工的養老是政府不可避免的責任

螢火蟲:外來工的養老是政府不可避免的責任
文: 秦嶺蕭君中原深圳螢火蟲工友服務中心

《2014年全國農民工監測調查報告》顯示,全國超過50歲的農民工有4600萬,其中有相當部分是第一代農民工。

1999年養老保險成為強制繳納的險種。但由於企業違法和政府部門消極執法,相當大一批工人長期未能參加養老保險。一項調研顯示,在深圳,時至今日仍有50.4%的工廠並未為全部工人參加養老保險(《非深圳戶籍勞動者養老保險狀況調研項目分析報告》黃巧燕、蘇媛,2014年7月。 )

近年來,第一批進城農民工已到退休年齡,但因參保不滿15年,無法享受養老保險退休待遇。很多人只能繼續工作,以維持生計。

有一批工人開始行動以推動政策改善。 2014年8月,十多名退休或即將退休的工人組成養老保險關注組,通過訴訟、政策意見、攝影展等方式爭取退休金。

這十多名工人,是4600萬高齡農民工的縮影。他們不應該僅僅作為數據的分子和分母展現在你的面前,而應該是一個活生生有情感與思想的個體。我們希望通過7段人生,從不同側面講述第一代農民工的養老故事,更豐富地展現這個群體的形象。

老周(週受芳)是深圳寶德玩具廠的工程部機修組組長,進廠21年,工廠卻只為其繳納6年社保。在寶德廠,這種情況很普遍。

隨著意識的增強,工人們開始要求工廠補繳養老保險,並發起維權行動,舉報、投訴、繼而罷工。幾經抗爭,資方最終同意補繳,但工人們卻在政府這裡遲到閉門羹,被以沒有補繳具體辦法為由,拒絕受理補繳申請。

大批工人退休在即,養老保險的歷史欠9辦法為由,拒絕受硽巃邖感農民工。朥人發起維權行動費”人,是460卻味人作,仍有5上抗纜部單位及巶額在,閼企繳納的險畷生可p>朥人翁申,忁申功其生可p>仍有50.待遇㏪能繼續工)是深圳面>《2到考慮生如果持>這爰自入、在政府㏪能繌d="n領> <千兒八百在貼家用生反納6維持舀瀀䉀由形返鄉工)是34即將飡遲到已到鬡陼凊<380講谽齌其工年保險怙種當大expos6年礂在,,拒絥p>來富地展示,在情仯寄一庆工程鸂遲力,亐示<局p>䏊龍華你籀。工程鸂總相。工程鸂遲大常委會魉當大䩟、和政除庆怙種站動保電詢镏外險為由任下斌工)是5即將480齡農谽lass庆18齡農事生<人<332齡,仍湾經書上簽在深圳面幾> <農事跑庆龍華䍀 cl種籀。相。工程鸂遲 cl籀。訪籀。總相面市遲大。執攱萆為數持望爰其況,>議<、“<、當大”府這由積批畷有休在即被些簽湾經險關注中將飡齜保p>上險鰱眉167注情怼羗政卻:圉4> <主管朁2> <副主管也參們460嬡、繼而繳納的險畷镏題因同僅響爰了带癡始轜,以情矛盾面養都況橍壓險鼨畷瘯火星休在即人<日仍即6嗥,舀堝p>p>這卹納的險繳保經暪橲峇方波䏊庆啴> <很普遍、="1"0齡農歷大口拉庆婫幅,舊書:“>這琈執搈訴益寶地展示,圁,他圁。溫在貼廠”保險/p>,相當大s鷥日䰽農提s畷镏題、談判開始行鬥智斗勇 6年礂有漌拒朑)是裡遲<人資方,<徦舊暄@同走湾瀀路、)是蹾>齡農事歷來份找展闆談600生由圳遲<較想泛生带癡一今爰串廽<較熰第䯫字樓工卻炇險群鮳怕展闆、為展闆說:“如果被件<處代襽生可持會由糇方畷耂”)是這展闆至䄶由仍意生來19嗥璌8即1嗥將飡遲兩嬡向/p陼凊談判保約生带/p>們卻休在即有廣州某珠很 這爰了從強制礊老批巀種F樣將飡遲到決餔棄甁繳>這繴輕農民巡農事戰剹卻在經暪今犠>這“。溫在貼”到额人,是䉀由險關注廽被勞擡起民工基層管莧攱襽,險鋞搑:“生保種担共財物。婟噳面遲員始讉全耂”方模險>進廠負exp巡邏>

數熰悉農民巡農䡞醰悉p>數情棡遲到隴格把莧了年大口生绊輛據許炇人,是4天9點鐘況調籀。公安。瀙種當大 道萆政策人绊廽民了和在即大口生裡遲<串了>數其巴廥綯p>揪生绊據能進和在即>數襽串巴為由﷟農事說生進了带第丑直去了萆公室直到中午12點將飡遲到才國爰>數徆吃飯和在即踋午1點將,但叫農事今玻談判納c8齡農事las了6> <䳨上玻人了 保險:所種惁。溫在貼。結清,他圂結果櫇到了舋午4點単巴 cl種籀才說:維榁带癡䀑卻日䰱一農發起維權行動情渦癡䀑卻漌拒朌在即>戰保險泇方期間,,照陼生由闆也們卻休在即中批巺<水一仈繳納的險種㈛L朑)是<情加邺由䦅棡遲䉀願休在即䳇方結束請飡遲就、惨嵕受批巩崰篧又櫇了兩嬡、惨繳納的險畷在政府,相今日4600兩畷據能漌拒朌在即關注不明白了日者工程同濟礊荀 class繳納的險碝退俏定4600執殚但由迁申效畷可p>朥人發起巴 麼據能起巟農民,相着,燕㉍崰6還邺徆日噼起邺由執澋依據人暄請飡遲咇,但都怑卻漌拒了日,相卻着據行了和在即測調柃旦日者工程同濟礊荀繳納的險碝篦施細6姍姍徆遲,舉再度os6遲大失䉀甛在情者細6已四五碝,“、惨繳納的險批巩絕受理補由鸂遲力,亐示<當大s、迏定耂”被也就獻味人批巩絕受理補仍䄶由人,是䟷澋可p>慢慢攱讚<這,注畷15代等以情由圳䉀剩代褾在頭髮中將鏈添了蹾p陽髮情概付巴深圳鼠同4600庆鿝不滿15年9辦法為由,拒絕受<龝䄶與筆>帳class="viga_exp c">

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